Bipolar disorder is the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric illness during adolescence. This disease causes extreme mood swings. The child may fall into a phase of depression (hypomania) for weeks, but later can suddenly feel very very happy (phase mania). Teenagers with this condition must get proper care, so that their quality of life will be better.
If there is a member of your family who is a teenager who has bipolar disorder , how do you give it spirit? Consider the following tips.
Causes of bipolar disorder in adolescents
Until now there is no known exact cause of bipolar disorder in adolescents. Researchers believe that brain disorders are factored in many ways, such as:
Abnormalities in the brain . An imbalance of certain chemicals (neurotransmitters) can disrupt the body’s system to regulate moods.
Genetics . The risk of bipolar disorder is greater in people who have family members with this condition.
Environment. Bipolar disorder in adolescents can occur due to stress in the environment, such as the death of a family member, divorce of a parent, victim of abuse or violence that causes trauma.
Tips for encouraging teens with bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder can affect the quality of life of adolescents in the future. For this reason, they need care and support from the people around them. Here’s how you give enthusiasm to teens with bipolar disorder.
1. Deepen your knowledge of bipolar disorder
Facing teenagers with bipolar disorder is not easy.
You need to increase your knowledge about this disease by reading books or other accurate information about bipolar disorder.
If necessary, consult a psychologist or psychiatric specialist.
2. Face patiently but still pay attention
Teenagers with bipolar disorder can feel depressed and super active (mania) so they can test your patience in dealing with it.
The key, never give up and always make sure he feels comfortable and safe with you.
3. Strengthen your inner relationships and children
Communication is the key to strengthening your relationship with teenagers at home who have bipolar disorder. You need to listen to how they feel with care.
This helps you find out how he is when he feels healthy, depressed, or has an episode of mania. The results of your observations can help the therapist or doctor to determine the right treatment.
4. Help them to carry out daily activities
Teenagers with bipolar disorder tend to be difficult to carry out daily routines normally and often take dangerous actions.
For that, they need your help in several ways, including:
Schedule regular treatment, take medication, or accompany them for therapy.
Make a daily schedule, such as eating, sleeping, bathing, sports and other activities.
Help prepare their needs.
Help them socialize with friends and family.