Mangoes are not only delicious, but also contain many important nutrients. Uniquely, mangoes not only contain nutrients in the flesh, but also on the skin. Actually, what is the content of mango skin and can it be eaten just like that?
Benefits of mango skin
Research shows the fact that mango skin is rich in polyphenols, carotenoids , fiber, vitamin C, and various other beneficial compounds. In another study it was said that eating foods high in vitamin C, polyphenols , and carotenoids was at a lower risk of heart disease, certain types of cancer, and decreased cognitive function of the brain.
In addition, it was found that mango skin extract has antioxidant and anticancer properties that are stronger than mango meat extract. Mango skin is also rich in triterpenes and triterpenoids, which are compounds that are useful as anticancer and antidiabetic.
Mango skin is also rich in fiber, even greater than that contained in the fruit flesh. Fiber is one of the important nutrients that are good for digestive health and can provide a longer feeling of fullness.
So, can you eat mango skin?
Seeing the various benefits of mango skin, you may just eat it. However, you also need to look at the other side. In addition to benefits, there are also side effects or risks that can be obtained when eating mango skin. In addition to its hard texture and rather bitter taste, there are several other risks, such as:
Causes an allergic reaction
Research published in Contact Dermatitis Environmental and Occupational Dermatitis states that the mango skin contains urushiol. Urushiol is an organic substance that is also found in ivy and oak plants, namely bush plants.
Urushiol can cause allergic reactions in some people, especially those who are sensitive to poison ivy and other plants that contain urushiol. People who are quite sensitive to this substance will usually experience swelling and a very itchy rash on the skin.
Contains pesticide residues
Pesticides are widely used by farmers to treat fruits and vegetables from damaging plant pests. Sometimes, washing mango skin with water alone is not enough to remove this one chemical. Therefore, peeling the skin is one of the most effective ways to avoid these dangerous chemicals.
Pesticides need to be avoided because they can cause various negative effects on health. Quoted from Healthline , health problems that usually arise due to excessive exposure to pesticides, namely endocrine system disorders, reproductive problems, and increased risk of certain cancers.
For that, you need to consider before eating mango skin. The reason is, various nutrients in it can still be obtained from other sources which are certainly more comfortable, healthy, and with minimal side effects.
A safe alternative to eating mango skin
If you still want to eat mango skin, try eating it by cutting the fruit without peeling the skin. In addition, to make the bitter taste less pronounced, you can also make a mango smoothie without peeling the skin. Combine various fruits, vegetables, or other ingredients to make it taste more delicious.
However, don’t forget to wash the mango skin first with water and a special cleanser for fruits and vegetables. The goal is to remove pesticide residues that are still attached to the skin.