Not only adults, children are also susceptible to urinary tract infections. Even from WebMD , from all cases, there were 8 percent of girls and 2 percent of boys had urinary tract infections since the age of 5 years. So, what causes urinary tract infections in children and what are the symptoms to watch out for? Next is complete.
What are the causes of urinary infections in children?
In general, urinary tract infections occur when E. coli bacteria enter and infect the urinary organs. These bacteria enter from the urinary hole, the penis hole for men and the urethra in women, then from the urethra and into the body.
Compared to boys, girls are more prone to urinary tract infections. This is because girls have a urethra (the last channel that removes urine outside the body) that is shorter than men. As a result, the bacteria that enter will more easily reach the bladder.
In addition, the female urethra is also closer to the anus. That is why, you must maintain the cleanliness of your child’s intimate organs properly.
One way is to rinse the child’s sex organs from front to back after urinating or defecating. Of course, this aims to prevent the transfer of bacteria from the anus to the urethra so that the risk of urinary tract infections in children becomes smaller.
Signs and symptoms of urinary tract infections in children
Symptoms of urinary tract infections in young children tend to be more difficult to detect than adults. In fact, babies and children usually do not experience any symptoms. They also cannot convey the symptoms they feel clearly to you, so they are often overlooked.
However, as you get older, you can observe the symptoms of urinary tract infections in children. These symptoms include:
Complains of pain when urinating
Urinary urine accompanied by white deposits
Frequent urination until bedwetting
If the bacteria that causes the infection have begun to enter the kidneys, the symptoms that the child feels can be more severe. These symptoms include:
Easy to get angry or fussy
Body shivering or cold
Nausea and vomiting
Lumbago or back pain
If your child experiences one or several of the symptoms above, you should immediately take your child to the nearest pediatrician. In addition to ascertaining the cause, this is also done to prevent complications of urinary infections that can occur, such as decreased kidney function, kidney swelling, to sepsis (blood poisoning).
How to treat urinary tract infections in children
Although it looks trivial, urinary tract infections in children should be treated as soon as possible. Because if not, the bacteria in the urinary tract can continue to develop, infect the kidneys, and be fatal.
Usually, doctors will give antibiotics to prevent the risk of kidney infection. The type of antibiotic is adjusted to the severity of the infection and how long the care needed by the child.
If your urinary tract infection is severe, your child may need hospitalization. This will only be done if:
Children less than 6 months old
Having a fever that doesn’t improve
At risk for kidney infection
Children experience sepsis
Dehydrated, vomited, or can’t take medicine
While treating urinary tract infections, make sure the child drinks enough water every day. This can help rinse the remaining bacteria in the child’s urinary tract and speed up the recovery process.
In addition, also pay attention to how to clean your child’s intimate organs , especially for girls. Clean the child’s genitals from front to back to prevent the transfer of bacteria from the anus to the vagina. After that, use cotton underwear that absorbs sweat and is comfortable to use for your little one.